Sounders are MLS Cup Champions!

Hey everyone,

The Sounders won their first ever MLS Cup in a penalty kick thriller against Toronto this past Saturday. I find that sports championships, especially soccer, tend to be not to be the most fluid and technical games. This was the case in the MLS Cup final. It was an extremely physical and testy match and both teams had trouble to produce many quality attacks. The Sounders went the whole game without a shot on goal and Toronto’s chances were few and far between. The defining moment of the game came in the first half of extra time when Toronto striker Jozy Altidore headed a floated ball to the top corner of the goal. Th shot looked as though it would get past the goal line, but Sounders goalkeeper Stefan Frei reached back with an extended left arm to fling the ball out with his fingers. Without that save, Toronto would have raised the trophy.

After 30 minutes of overtime, they went to penalty kicks. Stefan Frei came up with another big save and the Sounders were clinical on their penalties. As a fan, I was ecstatic that they won the MLS Cup after a turbulent season, but a part of me wanted the Sounders to show off how fantastic they had been playing recently. The Sounders put on a defensive show, but people who aren’t soccer fans that tuned in to the match won’t appreciate that side of game and would hope for more offense. Nonetheless, it feels good to be able to say the Sounders are MLS Cup champions.

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Full 90 Reporter

Star Wars

Yes, Rogue One was a hit. The most action packed Star Wars to this date. I’ve never seen anything quite like it. This all I am going to talk about for this week because it truly consumed my week. I have grown up a huge fan of Star Wars. Yes, I was this crazy about the Force Awakens last year. However this movie was different because this and nothing to do with the trilogy. This in itself, was a stand alone movie with a whole new cast. No fan knew what to expect. Wow it was amazing, in the two hours I was watching the movie I easily grew to love these characters and appreciate what they mean for the franchise.

I am not going to spoil this movie because maybe some who read my blogs have yet to see it. This movie takes place between episode three and four, however it is much closer to episode four. Only a couple people from the original story are in this movie and you will have to watch to find out. This is easily the darkest Star Wars made. You can argue The Empire Strikes Back was dark but this literally shows how much power the Empire had compared to the Rebellion, but the Rebellion is built on hope.

We know in A New Hope, the goal of the movie is to destroy the Death Star and in order to do that in episode four, the Rebellion needed to get the Death Star plans, which they had in ep four. This movie shows how much turmoil and many trials a small squad of Rebels had to go through to get these plans and what they had to sacrifice and leave behind. This movie is action packed with battles through out, and Rogue One puts the Wars in ‘Star Wars’.

It has been out for four days and i have already seen it twice. I saw it at midnight on premier night, and managed to go to school the next day, definitely not the move. Then, Saturday I saw it with my dad, the second biggest Star Wars fan I know, behind myself obviously. Sorry I wasn’t able to capture a photo during this action packed movie.

First Bowl Previews

Hello all! Cougar Fan here. The first bowl games are on Saturday. Let’s get into some previews!

Gildan New Mexico Bowl: New Mexico (8-4) vs Texas-San Antonio (6-6)

I see New Mexico easily winning this one. They have the better record, tougher schedule, and are playing in their home stadium. A lot of their wins were close, and they did lose to some mediocre teams, but they are coming off a big 56-35 win over a quality Wyoming team. I don’t think UTSA has enough to win. I’m taking the Lobos over the Road Runners.

Las Vegas Bowl Presented by Geico: Houston (9-3) vs San Diego State (10-3)

This is a very intriguing match up. These are two group of 5 conference teams that at one point in the season were climbing in the polls and looking to receiving a birth in the Cotton Bowl. SDSU is coming off of a win in the Mountain West Conference Championship Game over Wyoming, and Houston is coming off a heart breaking, 4 point loss to Memphis in the AAC Championship. I think that Houston will have too much offensive firepower for the Aztec defense, and that the Cougars’ front seven will be able to slow down SDSU’s star running back Donnell Pumphrey just enough to give Houston the win in a tight one.

Raycom Media Camellia Bowl: Appalachian State (9-3) vs Toledo (9-3)

This is another great matchup. Both teams have great offenses. Toledo’s offense is led by quarterback Logan Woodside, a guy who is capable of throwing it all over the yard. He is complimented by Kareem Hunt, who has rushed for over 1300 yards so far this season. App State’s offense is pretty good too. Quarterback Taylor Lamb is also a very good and underrated quarterback. The Mountaineers also have two very good running backs. Jalin Moore has rushed for 1367 yards this year. Marcus Cox has also rushed for 872 yards, and that is with missing 4 games due to injury. A big game for Cox could give Appalachian State two 1000 yard rushers on the season, which is no simple feat. I believe that the difference in this game will be App State’s defense. With a solid front 7 led by Johnny Law, and an elite secondary led by freshman All-American Clifton Duck, the Mountaineer defense will do just enough to give their team a victory in a close game.

Advonation Cure Bowl: Central Florida (6-6) vs Arkansas State (7-5)

Many of the experts are giving UCF the edge in the spread, but I think that Arkansas State will win this game. The Red Wolves have been playing great football in the latter part of the season, and they have a quality, balanced team.

New Orleans Bowl: Southern Mississippi (6-6) vs Louisiana-Lafayette (6-6)

Originally I was thinking that Southern Miss should be my prediction, but then I remembered that the game is being played in Louisiana, a bowl game that the Ragin’ Cajuns in which have had a lot of success in the past. A lot of ULL faithful will be in the Super Dome, and Louisiana is coming off a big time win over Arkansas State. Plus they are one of my favorite teams. I’m picking the Ragin’ Cajuns.

 

The Science of Snow

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Winter break starts next week, so of coarse I would like to write a post more centering this time of year. Issaquah has seen a little bit of snow this year so I thought I’d talk about the science behind the frozen white specks of winter magic that falls from the sky.

I suppose if you were talking to a scientist about it they wouldn’t call them “snowflakes” but “snow crystals.”

Obviously snow is created in the clouds and is made of water vapor that has evaporated, condensed, and frozen. If a really, really fancy microscope was used on a snow crystal, you would be able to actually see the ice nuclei at the center of them. The “seed crystal” is formed first and cloud droplets that form around it freeze into it’s individual shape, which by the way, is different from every other snowflake ever to have formed. Snow is NOT frozen raindrops — that is SLEET. HAIL is when sleet is clumped together as its falling to the ground.

One thing scientists don’t understand is why snow crystals create the certain shapes that they do. The main factors that go into the shaping of a single crystal is temperature and humidity. Water molecules hook up into patterns of crystalline structures called hexagonal lattices, which is how the familiar vision of what a snowflake looks like is formed. When you add humidity to the equation, however, things get a little varied. The crystals branch off to create more intricate patterns.

The way temperature affects snow crystals still stumps scientists today. The two most common shapes of a snowflake are plates (above) and columns (not pictured). As the temperature gets colder up in the clouds, the snow tends to form in plates, then columns, then plates and back to columns again as it decreases. The science is far from exact, and is very difficult to conclude from.

I am sure that everyone can agree, no matter what shape it is, snow is the most magical kind of water molecule structure that falls from our sky.

SciCom

Information from http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/the-science-of-snowflakes/

Traveling During Winter Break’s At College

Hey everybody, TheCollegiate here. Only two more school days until winter break, woohoo! Since it’s so close, I wanted to do a holiday or winter-themed blog post for this week, so today I’m going to talk about traveling during winter break’s at college.

The length of your winter break varies based on your own school’s schedule, but generally they are about a month long. This is a good amount of time for you to visit your family during the holiday season, and in order to make the most of your time, you should know how to travel wisely. The holiday season is notorious for being the worst time to travel, particularly to fly, but it doesn’t have to be. While, yes, you may experience some level of hectic-ness, but if you’re prepared, you should be able to avoid most problems.

The first tip I have to ensure that your trip goes smoothly is to plan your trip ahead of time, and to book flights ahead of time. While your schedule may be unpredictable, winter breaks at college are so long, so it’s likely that you may have at least a little bit of time to visit your family. Booking flights in advance means that the prices will be significantly cheaper, and this is great for the majority of college students who can’t afford to pay for really expensive plane tickets. If you aren’t flying, you should still plan your trip ahead of time- what days you plan on leaving, what day you plan on arriving at your destination, and how long you plan on staying. Having a general plan for your trip in advance gives you plenty of time to prepare for it, and alter it if needed.

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Some other little tips that I have is to buy plane tickets on Tuesdays, or in the beginning of the week- this is usually the cheapest price point of tickets for the week. Also, be sure to pack work with you, if you have any. If you’re flying, you may have some delays, so it’d be a perfect chance to get some work done.

My last tip is to compare tickets- whether it’s for planes, rental cars, or trains- with several other websites. While booking ahead of time does reduce the prices of tickets, there is some variance in price between travel websites. If you’re a college student on a tight budget, you want to make sure that you can get the best price possible.

The key to have a smooth trip during the hectic holiday travel season is to plan in advance, to find the lowest price, and to be prepared for any delays that you may have. Hopefully, if you follow these steps, your trip will be stress-free.

Happy Holidays!

TheCollegiate

 

Seattle Sounders Parade

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After destroying Toronto in a brutal penalty-kick battle, the Seattle Sounders and their fans all celebrated winning the MLS Cup trophy. Tens of thousands of fans gathered, starting at the Westlake shopping center, and marched down to the Space Needle alongside a trolley full of Sounders players. The recent head coach, Brian Schmetzer hopped off the trolley to walk with the fans. He said in a recent interview that being with the fans comes naturally to him and he loves interacting with them all. Together, everybody rallied and celebrated and were all very happy about the Sounders’ win. In the middle of the excitement, the team performed their remake of the song Jingle Bells, spreading Christmas cheer throughout the city. This is a very monumental day in Seattle history, as the team started off as the underdog with a very slim chance of taking home the cup, but with their resilience and cooperation, they pulled to the top in an extravagant final game.

Seattle soccer fans are the best in the country, with amazing stadium event turnout and ear-shattering cheers and this parade in Downtown Seattle truly highlights the fans’ spirit. Something as seemingly unimportant as a sports win has the capability to bring people together and unite them with a common passion. Be sure to check out any future sports parades and march alongside Seattle athletes from Westlake to the Space Needle. Being able to interact so closely with the players of the Seattle Sounders and their head coach was a true honor.

UFO Conspiracy

UFO conspiracy theories argue that evidence of unidentified flying objects (UFO) and extraterrestrial visitors is being suppressed by various governments, and politicians globally, Most notably the officials of Washington D.C. Such conspiracy theories commonly argue that Earth governments, especially the US government, are in communication and/or cooperation with extraterrestrials despite public claims to the contrary. Some even believe that some of these theories claim that the governments are explicitly allowing alien abduction.

Various UFO conspiracy ideas have flourished on the internet and were frequently featured on popular websites. The National Enquirer reported that a survey found 76% of participants felt the government was not revealing all it knew about UFOs, 54% thought UFOs definitely or probably existed, and 32% thought UFOs came from outer space.

Notable persons to have publicly stated that UFO evidence is being suppressed include Senator Barry Goldwater, Admiral Lord Hill-Norton (former NATO head and chief of the British Defence Staff),Vice Admiral Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter (first CIA director), astronauts Gordon Cooper and Edgar Mitchell, and former Canadian defense Minister Paul Hellyer. Beyond their testimonies and resports no substantiating evidence has been presented to support their statements and conclusions. According to the “Committee for Skeptical Injury” little or no evidence exists to support them despite significant research on the subject by non-governmental scientific agencies. So what do you believe? Real or hoax?

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#StayWoke

Aru Avalanche & Global Warming

Hey Guys,

If you haven’t heard, recently there was a devastating avalanche in Tibet. On July 17, 2016, more than 70 million tons of ice broke off from the Aru glacier in the mountains of western Tibet taking the lives of nine yak herders living there. At first, many were uncertain as to what caused this catastrophe until environmental scientists took a closer look.

Images of before and after the devastating Aru Rotug Glacier avalanches occurred in Summer 2016.

Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences joined with two glaciologists from The Ohio State University: Lonnie Thompson, a research scientist at the Byrd Polar and Climate Research Center, and Ellen Mosley-Thompson, a University Professor in Geography and scientist at the Byrd Polar and Climate Research Center.

The most important fact about the avalanche that researchers found, is that it lasted only four or five minutes (according to witnesses), but managed to bury 3.7 square miles of the valley floor in that time. Because of this, it is likely that melt-water at the base of the glacier must have lubricated the ice to speed its flow down the mountain. An avalanche is triggered when several layers of snow pile up with a weak supporting layer beneath it and the average avalanche usually lasts up to 6-8 minutes; significantly longer than the one in Aru. With this acceleration in destruction, global warming/climate change seems to be the force to blame for this tragedy because of it’s excessive heat that is melting the ice.

Although scientists still aren’t completely sure where the excess amount of melt-water that demolished the glacier came from, they found that the average temperature at the nearest weather station to Aru had risen 2.7 degrees over the last 50 years, making it no surprise that many more glaciers are rapidly melting.

It may seem that this has no effect on us as Americans, but in all reality, every single person on earth is responsible for taking the effort needed in having a safe, healthy planet.

Aviation Programs at Universities (12/16)

Hi all! Iranoutofpuns here,

Q: What do you call it when you are sick of being at the airport???

There are many different options for studying in an aviation field after high school. Many schools have specialized programs for aspiring pilots or engineers. However, a few have very dedicated programs that cover the whole of aviation. Two of the headlining universities in the United States are Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University and the University of North Dakota.

Embry-Riddle is considered the leading aviation university in the country and one of the best in the entire world. They offer degrees in a range of areas from Air Traffic Management to Aviation Business Administration and Aerospace Engineering. They are also very well known for producing pilots that are hired straight to major commercial airlines. They have two campuses, one in Daytona Beach, Florida and the other located in Prescott, Arizona. For any student wanting to pursue a future in aviation, Embry-Riddle must be a first consideration.img_74851333

Some consider the second best university in the country to be the University of North Dakota at Grand Forks. While the location does not seem like the greatest location, they are home to one of the largest student flight programs in the country. On top of a top-flight, flight school (get it…), they offer very similar course selection to Embry-Riddle, but at a more cost friendly rate.

There are other schools in the country that offer aviation degrees. Some of these include Arizona State University and the University of Nebraska at Omaha. While aviation is not a common field for people to study in college, for those who wish to study it, the options are there. It just takes some looking.

See you next week…maybe!

Answer to Joke:

Terminal Illness…

Child Labor

Hey Blogger’s It’s sociogal again with another topic to share! This week we will discover more about child labor and how it’s existed throughout all of history. We still have child labor around the world today and to pose a great question I would like to ask, will working in harsh conditions with little pay ever end for children? This is simply not the life I would want for my children or generations to come. We need to put an end to child labor and change the society. Let’s define child labor in a way we can all understand. Child labor is the use of children in industry or business, especially when illegal or considered inhumane. Not all work done by children should be classified as child labor. Children’s or adolescents’ participation in work that does not affect their health and personal development or interfere with their schooling, is generally something positive. This includes activities such as helping their parents around the home, assisting in a family business or earning pocket money outside school hours and during school holidays. These kinds of activities contribute to children’s development and to the welfare of their families; they provide them with skills and experience, and help to prepare them to be productive members of society during their adult life. As provided from above, there is a difference between a child working around the house versus working somewhere that could be considered inhumane and hazardous.

Child labor had started way back in our history when there was the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. Children often worked long hours in dangerous factory conditions for very little money. Children were useful as laborers because their size allowed them to move in small spaces in factories or mines where adults couldn’t fit, children were easier to manage and control and perhaps most importantly, children could be paid less than adults. Child laborers often worked to help support their families, but were forced to still have an education. During the Great Depression, Americans wanted all available jobs to go to adults rather than children. Now talking about today, there is still child labor all around us. Statistics from the International Labor Organization show that there are about 73 million children between ages 10 and 14 that work in economic activities throughout the world, and 218 million children working worldwide between the ages of 5 and 17. The child labor problem is worst in Asia, where 44.6 million children have to work. Africa is not much better, with about 23.6 million child laborers, and Latin America has 5.1 million child laborers. As you can see from the numbers, in other countries children still work. Just because it’s not so common in our country, it doesn’t mean we can’t speak out about this injustice. Thank you guys for reading this week’s blog. Catch you next week!

Only one out of five children involved in child labor is paid for his or her work. Many parents in impoverished countries push their children to work out of necessity.

Only one out of five children involved in child labor is paid for his or her work. Many parents in impoverished countries push their children to work out of necessity.

Albania!

Hi guys!

We briefly visited Europe in a previous post, but the western and eastern parts of the continent have very different cultures and sights to see. Today we are going to explore Albania, a relatively new country that came into being as it is today after WWII.

Even if the country is relatively new, the Albanian culture has been around for centuries and as such there are many, many cultural sights to be seen. For example, the Rozafa Castle is one of the oldest in the country. Historians believe it dates back to before the Roman Empire. For those travelers who are fascinated by ancient history, this is the perfect opportunity to glimpse a piece of another era.

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The outside wall of the castle is pictured above.

For those of us more inclined to modern history, the National Historical Museum of Albania in Tirana is the country’s largest museum and boasts 27,000 square meters of exhibition space. The museum displays art and historical artifacts from eras dating from antiquity to modern day. The diverse and rich history of the Albanian culture is well-displayed throughout the museum.

Additionally, Albania is filled with beautiful mountains and valleys that are riddled with walking and hiking trails. If the mountains are not your scene, Albania’s miles upon miles of golden coasts with sandy beaches may be more your style. The Mediterranean Sea is much saltier than the larger oceans, which makes swimming in it a unique experience that shouldn’t be missed!

If you ever find yourself on the eastern part of Europe, make sure to head to Albania to see all of the amazing sights!

Mistletoe madness!

This time of year bring along an array of seasonal plants which all have historical and cultural significance, and the mistletoe is no exception. The iconic mistletoe is often found as the plant species Viscum Album and Viscum Cruciatum, but this is not an exhaustive list. Mistletoe species are found all over the world, and has been a holiday symbol in many cultures.

It is associated with Christmas as a decoration, under which lovers are expected to kiss. Mistletoe played an important role in Druidic mythology in the Ritual of Oak and Mistletoe.

In Norse Mythology, Loki tricked the blind god Hodur into murdering Balder with an arrow made of Mistletoe, being the only plant to which Balder was vulnerable. Some versions of the story have mistletoe becoming a symbol of peace and friendship to compensate for its part in the murder. 

Many do not know, but in nature, mistletoe species are actually hemiparasitic plants that rely on trees as a source of water and nutrients. They are often found in dense clumps hanging from branches and trunks of a variety of trees. They are not considered to be fully parasitic because they still perform photosynthesis for energy as well. They can take up to 3 years for a mistletoe plant to completely breach into the flesh of a tree and gain complete dependence on the host. Mistletoe was often considered a pest that killed trees and devalued natural habitats, but was recently recognized as an ecological keystone species, many animals depend on wild mistletoe for food, and many endangered avian species also are often found nesting in mistletoe foliage.

So after your kiss under the mistletoe, remember that mistletoe has also been valuable to countless animals and ecosystems longer than we have celebrated its symbolism. So think twice before you consider them a tree-killing pest.

Plant and Prosper!

Infamous “Chemtrails” – 11/25

Another conspiracy theory is the idea that the jets in the sky spray harmful chemicals. People believe the government is doing this to keep our population under control. However, many scientists debunk these theories saying those white aircraft trails in the sky aren’t harmful chemicals sprayed from planes.

Though some people call them “chemtrails,” the white streaks in the sky are actually condensation in the air that’s been heated by a plane’s engine and then frozen by the cold temperature, according to retired airline captain and USA Today contributor John Cox.

Like I said some “chemtrail” conspiracy theorists believe the white trails are a cocktail of dangerous chemicals sprayed from planes in a plot to control the population and food supply. When tested 76 of 77 scientists said there was no harmful chemicals coming from the jets yet with our population drastically increasing, it’s a possibility. Or is it? What do you think? Is there proof or is it just a bunch of malarkey?

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#StayWoke

NASA Faked It – 11/18

It’s now been nearly four decades since Neil Armstrong took his “giant leap for mankind”, if, that is, he ever set foot off this planet. Doubters say the U.S. government, desperate to beat the Russians in the space race, faked the lunar landings, with Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin acting out their mission on a secret film set, located (depending on the theory) either high in the Hollywood Hills or deep within Area 51. With the photos and videos of the Apollo missions only available through NASA, there’s no independent verification that the lunar landings were anything but a hoax.

The give away? Film of Aldrin planting a waving American flag on the moon, which critics say proves that he was not in space. The flag’s movement, they say, clearly shows the presence of wind, which is impossible in a vacuum. NASA says Aldrin was twisting the flagpole to get the moon soil, which caused the flag to move. (And never mind that astronauts have brought back hundreds of independently verified moon rocks.) Theorists have even suggested that filmmaker Stanley Kubrick may have helped NASA fake the first lunar landing, given that his 1968 film 2001: A Space Odessey proves that the technology existed back then to artificially create a spacelike set. As for Virgil I. Grissom, Edward H. White and Roger B. Chaffee,three astronauts who died in a fire while testing equipment for the first moon mission? They were executed by the U.S. government, which feared they were about to disclose the truth.

Far-fetched as the hoax theory may seem, a 1999 Gallup poll showed that it’s comparatively durable: 6% of Americans said they thought the lunar landings were fake, and 5% said they were undecided. So what do you believe? Real or hoax?

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#StayWoke